Test. For a digital… and social revolution!

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When about 3.5 million years ago, an Australopithecus emerged from the animal kingdom by making a tool, it was initiating the process of hominization because « What distinguishes man from ape is work » (Engels, 1883). Many discoveries mark this progressive hominization: the control of fire, agriculture, the wheel, the potter’s wheel, the domestication of draft animals, etc. Then comes the mastery of mechanical energy with windmills, then steam engines, electric motors. Latest progress: calculating machines, the Turing machine, computers, the Internet. Ivan Lavallée adds that « What distinguishes one economic era from another is less what is made than how it is made ». The main thesis of the book stems from this: in the 21st century, a new technical system, based essentially on computers, is being installed. This technical change should therefore lead to a new organization of society.

conceptual progress

However, social transitions often require several centuries. The overcoming of the capitalist regime was attempted by the Commune of Paris (1871) and by the Bolshevik revolution of 1917. The failure of this last attempt comes from the authoritarian implementation, by the political leaders, of a mechanistic vision and sterilization of the evolution of societies. For example, in the USSR, in the 1960s-1980s, there was no scientific or technological lag behind the advanced capitalist countries (USA, Europe). Soviet physicists, mathematicians, computer scientists were among the most advanced in the world. Boris Babayan and his colleagues developed, in 1978, Elbrus I, a super-powerful computer, fifteen years before the appearance of an equivalent computer in the United States. But Soviet scientific progress was strictly reserved for the military field.

Today, it is the conceptual progress of “pure science” that is revolutionizing the state of the “productive forces”. Cybernetics and artificial intelligence allow the robotization of many productions. Personal computers were introduced in the 1980s, but it was American companies (Microsoft, Apple, Honeywell-Bull) that took over this market. On the ideological level, everything is done to hide “the Marxist reading grid” relations between capital and labour. The prospective part of the book lists the conditions necessary for “surpassing capitalism” towards a society whose major objective would be the interest of the whole community of men, that is to say communism. It would take the mastery of life (health, agriculture), success in the fight against global warming, the resolution of the problem of nuclear waste, the general mobilization for education and research, etc. The author ends with a quote from André Breton: “Man is here playing his destiny. He plays it without knowing it. »

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