In recent weeks, many have experienced it: political discussion, even with those close to you, can be delicate and tense. Therefore, should you, during this between two presidential rounds, risk convincing your spouse, children or friends to vote for one or the other candidate? “We are living in a time of strong polarization, where three radically opposed visions clash”, that of Emmanuel Macron, Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, observes the sociologist Olivier Galland, director of research emeritus at the CNRS. Under these conditions, he admits, launching the debate at the dinner table is not easy: “Many people fear bringing violence into their inner circle. » And wonder, like Sébastien, if the game is worth the candle.
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The question is very concrete for this 48-year-old Parisian, who has just spent the weekend with a friend. “We are both on the left but he voted Mélenchon and me Jadot. Above all, I am convinced that we must block the far right on April 24, when he is tempted to abstain. He is tired of being “taken hostage” and considers that to vote for Macron or Le Pen is to damage society. » The discussion, Sébastien knows, risks coming to an end. “And I don’t want to lose a friend!” »
94% of French people trust their family
However, says Olivier Galland, “Democracy is debate”. And to give up discussing politics is to weaken its foundations. This sociologist specializing in youth is particularly concerned about this fringe of 18-24 year olds – 26% shows his latest study (1) – which testifies to a “political disaffiliation”.
These young people do not recognize themselves in the system and the parties and it is crucial to ” to hang up “, according to him. With this difficulty: they often come from families that are themselves disaffiliated… The sociologist underlines, however, that other spheres of influence count, such as youth associations, which allow transmission by peers. And the school which, according to him, should take this mission head on.
→ FIND the results of the 1st round of the 2022 presidential election, commune by commune, and those of the second round from Sunday April 24 at 8 p.m.
As for more committed families, good news: “the level of trust and solidarity between generations remains very high”, recalls Olivier Galland. The latest Sciences Po Cevipof barometer shows that 94% of respondents “trust” to their family, a basic trend… and a fertile ground for daring to confront ideas. This also applies for the “inner circles”, say the researchers. In Paris, Sébastien has not completely given up debating with his friend. “But rather than asserting my convictions, I will try to question myself, with him, on what is close to our hearts. »
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