“ L‘effectiveness of the Dalo is now called into question. » Fifteen years after the introduction of the enforceable right to housing, the High Committee for the Housing of Disadvantaged People (HCLPD), in a report published on 11 May, draws up a severe assessment of the application of this law, the objective of which was to allow, by legal recourse to the authorities, the effectiveness of the right to housing.
Despite an increase in the number of housing allocated to people recognized as priorities, from 3,203 in 2008 to 21,913 in 2019, the account is still not there. “In 2020, 77,684 households recognized under the Dalo are still waiting for a housing offer for one to thirteen years”underlines the HCLPD.
Insufficient social stock
This discrepancy between the number of Dalo households and those actually relocated, which has accelerated since 2016, is primarily due to the lack of housing with suitable rents. “The existing supply in social housing is insufficient to meet the emergency and this significant demand in a context of falling new production for three years”, notes the report. Especially since a very large proportion of Dalo households live in urban areas where real estate is both expensive and scarce.
The case of Île-de-France, which concentrates 58% of Dalo appeals, is emblematic. Despite a higher number of habitats made available than elsewhere and multiplied by 10 between 2008 and 2019 (from 1,371 to 14,079), “64,994 households are still waiting to access housing, i.e. 83.66% of households that need to be housed nationwide”, recalls the HCLPD.
The lack of affordable HLM is not the only problem. Some actors continue to be reluctant to mobilize their social housing quotas in favor of recognized Dalo households, although in principle they are required to do so by law.
If the State does its part of the work, local authorities, social landlords and Action Logement (formerly 1% housing) tend not to respect the legislation, which provides that they allocate 25% of the homes they own to priority people.
In its press release, the HCLPD insists on the importance of a reminder to the law. “The inscription of the Dalo in the texts is one thing. Fifteen years later, it would be a question of respecting this right and of having it respected effectively and equally on all the territories of the Republic, including in the overseas territories, too often forgotten. »
Complex and lengthy procedures
Violation of the law does not only take place at the level of attributions. The appeals lodged by households to obtain Dalo status also come up against mediation commissions with heterogeneous practices and sometimes outside the legality. Some require documents or prior procedures that are not stipulated by law, or refuse to take into account the priority criteria which are nevertheless included therein.
Non-appeal is another problem, fueled by the complexity and length of procedures, but also by ignorance of the texts. The HCLPD calls for the deployment of a national information campaign and better financing of the associations that support applicants.