Skip to content
Jean-Luc Mélenchon launches the battle of the “third round”

With Jean-Luc Mélenchon, the “fight” is never finished. Without waiting for the second round of the presidential election to be played, the leader of La France insoumise (LFI) is getting back in the saddle in order to keep his electorate mobilized for the legislative elections of June 12 and 19. This is the reason for his intervention on BFMTV, Tuesday April 19, in the form of a call for a rally: “I ask the French to elect me prime minister. »

→ ANALYSIS. Presidential 2022: on the left, Jean-Luc Mélenchon as master of the game

Although in favor of a change of course in his project, advocating the convening of a constituent to move to a Sixth Republic, Jean-Luc Mélenchon intends to use current institutions to impose cohabitation on the future winner of the presidential election. ” I ask (to the French)to elect me Prime Minister, to elect a majority of rebellious deputies and Popular Unionhe explained. And I call on all those who want to join the Popular Union, that is to say the main part of its program, to join us in this great battle. So there is a third round. »

“It is not a coalition but a surrender”

The Argument elect me prime minister is skillful. But, according to the Constitution, the Prime Minister is not elected, he is appointed by the President of the Republic. Logic dictates that he should come from the majority elected to the National Assembly and practice that he should be a member of the first political group. Arrived third in the first round of the presidential election, with 21.95% of the votes cast, i.e. more than 7 million votes, Jean-Luc Mélenchon believes it is possible to push his advantage in the left bloc and to lead “11 million, 12 million, 13 million” of voters.

Will the Insoumis succeed in recomposing the left around the Union Populaire label? It’s a step “plebiscite” who “aims to deny ecologists, communists, radicals, socialists. This is not a coalition but a surrender”judged, annoyed, the former first secretary of the Socialist Party, Jean-Christophe Cambadélis, on Twitter.

→ THE FACTS. Legislative 2022: on the left, a dialogue under tension

The operation promises to be complicated, especially as LFI imposes conditions, sometimes seen as “dictates” by its partners. It proposes to Europe Écologie-Les Verts (EELV), the Communist Party (PCF) and the New Anti-Capitalist Party (NPA) to unite on a “shared common program”based on the project The future together of LFI, and to allocate the constituencies in proportion to the results of the first round of the presidential election. An option that benefits LFI. Yannick Jadot and Fabien Roussel were also asked to ” accountable “ about their attacks on Jean-Luc Mélenchon: “It’s a prerequisite. »

The marginalized PS

The PCF, the NPA and EELV nevertheless accept the discussions. Ecologists, however, suggest another approach: “a weighted, smoothed proportional”taking into account not only the presidential result, but also those “intermediate polls”such as European or regional, where they had obtained good scores.

As for the PS, it is marginalized. There won’t be “no discussion” with the socialists “and this refusal is final”, decided the leader of the rebellious deputies, Mathilde Panot, judging him too critical against Jean-Luc Mélenchon. The first secretary of the party, Olivier Faure, had nevertheless said to himself “ready to engage in dialogue”. A choice of reconciliation validated Tuesday, April 19 by the national council of the PS. But in the division, with 160 members for and 75 against, while 10 abstained and 58 did not take part in the vote.

The “useful vote”, applicable to legislative elections?

If Jean-Luc Mélenchon manages to seal electoral agreements, he is not guaranteed to find success for all that. The legislative total 577 elections, each with its particularities. Admittedly, the candidate of the People’s Union came out on top in 105 constituencies. He could therefore claim to win parliamentary seats in his areas of strength: Paris and the new “red belt” in the suburbs, Toulouse, Montpellier, Marseille or Lyon, but also in the departments of Ariège, Ardèche, Drôme or Savoie.

But will the “useful vote” which operated in its favor in the first round of the presidential election be duplicated and amplified in the legislative elections? In 2017, it was not because Jean-Luc Mélenchon had collected more than 7 million votes in the presidential election that LFI had obtained a large number of deputies: only 17. Finally, LFI, which recorded a failure in the European and ignores the municipal and regional elections, could come up against resistance from the traditional parties, PS and PCF, which retain a strong local presence.

→ FIND Sunday at 8 p.m. the results of the 2nd round of the 2022 presidential election, municipality by municipality

→ VIDEO. Presidential, they tell their campaign: bouncing back after the campaign