A look at some of the world’s major mob disasters
At least 146 people were killed and 100 others were injured as they were crushed by a large crowd pushing forward down a narrow street during Halloween festivities in the capital of Seoul, South Korea. Here’s a look at some of the major crowd disasters around the world in recent decades:
December 3, 1979 – Eleven people are killed as thousands of fans rush to attend a The Who concert at Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum.
January 20, 1980 — A four-story wooden temporary stadium collapses during a bullfight in Sincelejo, Colombia, killing some 200 spectators.
October 20, 1982 — Sixty-six people die in a crowd of fans leaving a UEFA Cup match between Spartak Moscow and Haarlem, the Netherlands, at Moscow’s Luzhniki Stadium.
May 28, 1985 – Thirty-nine people die in fan violence during the 1985 European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels.
March 13, 1988 — Ninety-three people are killed when thousands of football fans rush through locked stadium exits to escape a sudden hailstorm in Kathmandu, Nepal.
April 15, 1989 – Ninety-seven people die and hundreds are injured in a crush of fans at the overcrowded Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England. One victim died in 2021 from aspiration pneumonia, to which he had been vulnerable due to injuries from the disaster.
July 2, 1990 — During the annual hajj in Saudi Arabia, 1,426 Muslim pilgrims, mostly from Asia, die in and around a long pedestrian tunnel leading from Mecca to Mina.
January 13, 1991 – Forty-two people are killed when fans try to escape fights at Oppenheimer Stadium in South Africa.
May 23, 1994 — Hajj pilgrim crash leaves 270 Muslim pilgrims dead.
November 23, 1994 — A panicked crush during a political protest in Nagpur, India, leaves 113 dead.
October 16, 1996 – Eighty-four people die and 147 are injured as panicked fans are crushed and choked before a World Cup qualifier between Guatemala and Costa Rica in Guatemala City.
April 9, 1998 — A crash of pilgrims on a bridge in Mecca leaves 118 hajj pilgrims dead.
April 11, 2001 — At least 43 people have been crushed to death during a football match at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.
May 9, 2001 — More than 120 people are killed when police fire tear gas into rowdy crowds at a stadium in Ghana’s capital Accra, sparking panic.
February 17, 2003 — Twenty-one were crushed to death on the stairs leading to E2, a Chicago nightclub.
February 20, 2003 — Pyrotechnics on stage during a Great White concert at the Station nightclub in Warwick, Rhode Island, ignite a fire that kills 100 people and injures more than 200.
February 1, 2004 — A panic during a hajj ritual at the Jamarat Bridge near Mecca kills 251 people.
January 25, 2005 — A panic among Hindu pilgrims near the Mandhradevi temple in Maharashtra, India, leaves 265 dead.
August 31, 2005 — At least 640 Shia Muslim pilgrims in Baghdad are killed when a bridge railing collapses during a religious procession, sending dozens into the Tigris.
January 12, 2006 — A panic among Muslim pilgrims at a hajj ceremony near Mecca leaves 345 dead.
February 4, 2006 — Seventy-eight people are killed in a panic crush that occurred during the PhilSports Arena stampede in Manila, Philippines, while they were waiting to audition for a TV variety show.
September 30, 2008 — At least 168 people are killed and 100 injured when thousands of Hindu pilgrims panic at a temple in Jodhpur, India.
July 24, 2010 — Twenty-one people die and more than 650 are injured in a crash in a crowded tunnel that was the only access point to the Love Parade music festival in Duisburg, Germany.
November 22, 2010 — More than 340 people are killed and hundreds more are injured in a panic crash at a festival in the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh.
January 27, 2013 — A fire kills more than 200 people at the Kiss nightclub in Santa Maria, Brazil.
September 24, 2015 — At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims die in a crash during the hajj in Saudi Arabia.
April 30, 2021 — Forty-five people are killed and dozens more are injured in a panic crash during Israel’s annual Mount Meron pilgrimage.
November 5, 2021 – Fans at a Houston music festival rush to the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott, sparking panic that leaves 10 dead and scores more injured.
October 1, 2022 – Police fire tear gas after violence erupted following an Indonesian football match, sparking a scramble for the exit that left at least 125 people dead and more than 100 injured.
October 29, 2022 — At least 146 people die and 100 others are injured when they are run over by a large crowd advancing down a narrow street during Halloween festivities in Seoul, South Korea.